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7 Ideas for Educating Writing Abilities to Autistic College students

Educating writing abilities to autistic kids poses numerous challenges. Due to this fact, it’s essential to think about particular person wants, educational skill, and private traits when deciding tips on how to assist an autistic little one write. 

Studying to put in writing includes many complicated bodily and cognitive processes, which may problem all learners, however ASD college students can expertise these challenges extra acutely. For instance, nice motor abilities impairments could make holding a pencil tough, whereas visible motor abilities impairments can hinder copying phrases. 

If a comorbid studying incapacity is current, vocabulary could also be restricted, and anxiousness or stress about writing duties can result in resistance or avoidance. So, how can we mitigate these challenges? Let’s discover some potential methods.

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Homeschooling a Youngster With Autism

1. Create a supportive setting for studying

To show an ASD little one writing abilities, it’s essential to create a supportive, inclusive, and cozy setting.

To do that, deal with the next areas:

  • Promote independence of their work – this may increase an autistic little one’s vanity and is an important life talent. 
  • Scale back their anxiousness – that is essential as anxiousness is a major drawback for ASD college students, which may be heightened throughout writing duties. 
  • Foster creativity in writing duties – that is essential as some ASD college students may have further assist to faucet into their creativity.

The examples explored within the subsequent sections will assist with this.

2. Incorporate some enjoyable hand workouts

These methods are geared toward ASD learners who’re combating the bodily challenges posed by writing

When ASD kids battle to carry a pencil correctly, writing may be aggravating and painful. It might additionally imply that they’re behind their friends in mark-making.  

Whereas wrist weights and pencil grips may help ASD college students afterward, it’s essential to begin with enjoyable actions to develop their hand power and nice motor abilities.

Play dough disco is a well-liked exercise for this. The scholars are given smooth modeling dough and inspired to imitate the hand workouts demonstrated in an interactive video. 

Listed below are another actions you might attempt:

  • Digging with a small spoon
  • Having egg and spoon races 
  • Climbing
  • Utilizing tongs or tweezers 
  • Enjoying with peg boards

If these bodily boundaries to writing are extreme and persist all through college, expertise may help ASD college students overcome them.

3. Begin easy

When instructing writing abilities at any stage, it’s essential to begin easy and regularly improve the problem by scaffolding the duty, breaking it into manageable steps. 

This can even assist to construct your college students’ independence and assist them perceive tips on how to sequence the levels of a process. That is one thing that ASD college students typically battle with.

Though that is commonplace instructing apply, ASD college students might must spend longer than their friends on every step. Permit them to progress at their very own tempo to keep away from anxiousness.

For instance, if you happen to’re instructing an ASD little one tips on how to type letters, they might begin by tracing easy shapes after which transfer on to copying them freehand. After they’re snug with this, you may slowly introduce letters for them to hint and duplicate. 

In the event that they’re combating their pen grip, you might experiment with different types of mark-making first. 

For instance, they might use their finger or a stick to attract letters and shapes in sand or shaving foam.

4. Use their particular pursuits

Incorporating ASD college students’ particular pursuits into classes can have interaction them in studying. Writing duties that check with related contexts are simpler than generic ones. 

For instance, college students might initially want to put in writing the letters from their title or the names of objects/people who curiosity them.

For extra academically superior ASD college students, this may also be a good way to foster creativity. You can allow them to choose their very own writing subject or plan themed writing duties for them.

For instance, in the event that they’re focused on area, they might create an encyclopedia web page a couple of planet of their selection.

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In artistic writing duties, the story prompts needs to be imaginative and enjoyable, encouraging ASD college students to step exterior of themselves and suppose in summary or artistic methods.

As our understanding of ASD will increase, it’s turning into evident that autistic individuals may be uniquely artistic. Nevertheless, all such duties needs to be appropriately scaffolded for particular person college students’ wants. 

5. Use visible aids

Many ASD kids are visible learners, so utilizing visible stimuli is a good way to foster creativity.

Photos are nice for instructing numerous writing abilities, like descriptive writing or characterization.

They’ll additionally assist an ASD pupil to have interaction their senses. For instance, you might give them an image of a rainforest and assist them think about how it will really feel in the event that they had been there. 

Utilizing verbal or written prompts may assist your college students to entry this process:

  • “Is it normally sizzling or chilly within the rainforest?” 
  • “Are you able to bear in mind a time once you had been actually sizzling? How did it make you  really feel?” 
  • “Do you suppose it will be sizzling the place this image was taken?” 

Using expertise to entry multimedia sources may also assist to beat many challenges. Movies are efficient writing prompts that may encourage creativity and engagement in non-fiction writing.

For instance, if you happen to’re instructing a module on writing to argue, you might use a brief documentary to generate concepts.

Watching adverts may also be nice enjoyable for exploring persuasive methods, notably in a speak-to-write instructing mannequin.

Video fashions have additionally proved efficient in serving to ASD college students develop useful writing abilities, comparable to sentence development, spelling, and letter formation. 

6. Use social tales

Social tales can be utilized to show writing abilities like perspective-taking and narrative type.

For instance, you might inform social tales based mostly on tough social interactions so your college students can discover views and emotions. This may be utilized to creating characters or writing dialogue. 

Furthermore, verbally retelling their favourite tales or recounting the occasions of their day may help them develop their narrative, sentence construction, and sequencing abilities. 

To assist them arrange their ideas into writing, you might present sentence starters like these:

  • “Once I awoke this morning, I felt…” 
  • “Nevertheless, once I …” 
  • “After this, I…”
A boy using a text book for writing and reading

You can additionally play phrase video games like these to foster creativity and take away focus from bodily writing abilities: 

  • Luckily/Sadly: verbal sport for narrative circulate
  • The Minister’s Cat: verbal sport encouraging bold vocabulary 
  • Boggle: spelling and phrase recognition
  • Pictionary: visible vocabulary apply
  • Story cubes: narrative construction

7. Use optimistic reinforcement

Optimistic reinforcement is one other essential device in motivating people with autism to have interaction in writing duties. 

It may take many kinds, comparable to:

  • verbal reward, 
  • rewards
  • token or sticker programs,
  • most well-liked objects and actions. 

By creating optimistic associations with writing, you may assist relieve ASD college students’ anxiousness and resistance within the brief and long run. 

To keep up their motivation and focus, it’s essential to determine and acknowledge incremental progress and energy, rewarding college students instantly after they’ve achieved every aim.

When deciding what reinforcement methods to make use of, think about how your college students’ most well-liked objects or actions may inspire them.

For instance, if a baby loves studying, give them 10 minutes within the studying nook with their favourite e book in the event that they obtain their objectives. 

They may additionally gather motivational stickers as they progress by way of every stage of their writing undertaking, which may be exchanged for small rewards.

Educating writing abilities to autistic college students needs to be enjoyable! 

Educating any type of writing to ASD college students needs to be pleasing and interesting. Incorporating artistic and interactive actions into your writing classes is vital to this. 

By serving to an ASD little one overcome their bodily, emotional, and cognitive boundaries to writing, you may allow them to attain their future objectives and supply a useful outlet for his or her feelings, concepts, and ideas.


Q: Does autism have an effect on writing abilities?

A: Autism can have an effect on writing abilities resulting from challenges comparable to nice motor talent impairments, sensory sensitivities, and difficulties with group and summary considering. With persistence, understanding, and tailor-made methods, you may help the event of writing abilities in autistic kids.

Q: Why do kids with autism battle with writing?

A: Kids with autism battle with writing resulting from challenges with nice motor abilities, visible motor abilities, sensory sensitivities, organizational points, and boundaries to artistic or summary considering, typically resulting in misery and avoidance

Q: How do you train an autistic little one to carry a pencil?

A: Educating an autistic little one to carry a pencil includes utilizing adaptive grips or methods that accommodate their nice motor talent challenges. Endurance and apply are key as you present mild steering and optimistic reinforcement to assist them develop a snug and useful pencil grasp.


Accardo, Amy L., et al., ‘Writing Interventions for People with Autism Spectrum Dysfunction: A Analysis Synthesis’, Journal of Autism and Developmental Problems (2020) 50:1988–2006

Asaro-Saddler, Kristie (2016), ‘Utilizing Proof-Primarily based Practices to Train Writing to Kids With Autism Spectrum Problems’, Stopping Faculty Failure: Various Schooling for Kids and Youth, 60:1, 79-85, DOI: 10.1080/1045988X.2014.981793,

Baixauli, Inmaculada, et al., ‘Studying and Writing Abilities in Adolescents With Autism Spectrum Dysfunction With out Mental Incapacity’ (2021), Frontiers in Psychology. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2021.646849 

Pennington, Robert C and Carpenter, Megan (2019), ‘Educating Written Expression to College students With Autism Spectrum Dysfunction and Complicated Communication Wants’, Prime Lang Problems, Vol. 39, No. 2, pp. 191–207,

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